domingo, 31 de maio de 2015

Veterinary Public Health (VPH) E-Bulletin

ASIA (China) Human Avian Influenza H7N9
On 9 May 2015, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of 6 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A (H7N9) virus, including 2 deaths. [...]
ASIA (Chinese Taipei) Avian Influenza HPAI H5N2
Abnormal mortalities were observed in 5 poultry farms in Yunlin County and Changhua County, and in one abattoir in Pingtung County. Samples were sent to the National Laboratory (AHRI) for diagnosis. H5N2 subtype HPAI was confirmed by AHRI. [...]
AFRICA (Angola) Foot and Mouth Disease
Five animals in a pen including 70 animals found with signs and lesions consistent with foot and mouth disease during routine surveillance in a population of 2, 650 animals in a village in along the border with the Republic of Namibia. [...]
ASIA (Palestine) Avian Influenza HPAI H5N1
An outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza has been reported among backyard poultry in Jerusalem, West Bank. [...]
The Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship is responding to one probable cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) at a commercial laying operation in Sioux County. [...]
An owl found dead in northeastern Wisconsin is the 1st wild bird in the state to test positive for a bird flu strain that has swept through poultry farms in the Midwest. [...]
The Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship is responding to 3 probable cases and 1 confirmed case of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in Buena Vista, Lyon, and Osceola counties. [...]
AFRICA (Namibia) Foot and Mouth Disease
14 cattle out of a population of 2, 458 were found to have oral and hoof lesions suspected to be of foot and mouth disease in Ondamayanghete, Ohangwena. [...]
EUROPE (Israel) Avian Influenza HPAI H5N1
Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 outbreak has been reported among 10-week-old turkeys in a farm in Bezet, Hafazon. [...]
NORTH AMERICA (Mexico) Avian Influenza HPAI H7N3
Endemic wild birds were reported having been found dead in a nature reserve called in the State of Chiapas. [...]
EUROPE (Turkey) Avian Influenza HPAI H5N1
H5N1 virus was detected in a poultry farm in Moralilar among birds in a farm. [...]
ASIA (Vietnam) Avian Influenza HPAI H5N1
An outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza has been reported from a farm in Cai Cui, Vinh Long. [...]
ASIA (Myanmar) Avian Influenza HPAI H5N1
Myanmar reports an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza in a farm located in a livestock zone that has 88 chicken layer farms and 50 quail layer farms. [...]
AFRICA (Nigeria) Avian Influenza HPAI H5N1
Two outbreaks were reported from Rivers and Lagos region among birds in farm and backyard respectively. [...]
To view reported cases of animal diseases visit the EMPRES-I website
EMPRES-i compiles animal disease events, outbreak and surveillance data (including zoonoses) from numerous sources (e.g. FAO representations, FAO reports, Technical projects, OIE reports, official governments, Regional Organizations, FAO Reference Centres and laboratories) for supporting analytic and risk assessments on threats of animal origin including emergent zoonoses.
FAO also verifies disease events from additional sources including country or regional project reports, technical reports, scientific articles, partner Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), cooperating institutions, public domain sites, media search engines and web-based animal and human health surveillance systems (e.g. GPHIN, PROMED, Health Map)
Plan to reform WHO after Ebola to be unveiled by Angela Merkel
May 18, 2015. German chancellor hosts meeting to announce plan for disease-response department after World Health Organizations slow Ebola operation. [...]
FAO Raises The Alarm Over Depletion Of Poultry, Food Insecurity
The representative of Food Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in Nigeria has lamented the continuous devastation of poultry industry in Nigeria by avian influenza saying unless robust measures of surveillance and control are put in place, it would continue to pose a threat to food security in the country. [...]
Vector-borne diseases: New infographic to celebrate World Veterinary Day
May 15, 2015. In 2015, the World Veterinary Association (WVA) and the OIE chose to put on the front scene "vector-borne diseases with zoonotic potential"[...]
Egypt: Upsurge in H5N1 human and poultry cases but no change in transmission pattern of infection
May 15, 2015. The recent increase in the number of people affected by the avian influenza virus H5N1 in Egypt is not related to virus mutations but rather to more people becoming exposed to infected poultry, according to a recent mission of six organizations assessing the H5N1 situation in the country. [...] [...]
Think Again: Why did Liberia beat Ebola before Guinea or Sierra Leone?
Interruption of transmission is a monumental achievement for a country that reported the highest number of deaths in the largest, longest and most complex outbreak since Ebola first emerged in 1976. [...]
Private hospital staff put under observation after death of CCHF patient
May 14, 2015. As many as 15 staff members, including doctors, nurses and paramedics, at a private medical facility, Maroof International Hospital, have been under observation after handling a patient who died of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) here on Saturday night. [...]
The OIE welcomes the publication of WHO Best Practices for the naming of new infectious diseases
May 12, 2015. The OIE strongly encourages all national, regional, and international stakeholders, including scientists, national authorities, and media to follow these WHO best practices in the event of the emergence of a new disease, so that inappropriate disease names are not created and the public is better served and informed. [...]
Badung Regency in Bali Runs Out of Anti-Rabies Vaccine Due
May 10, 2015. NusaBali reports that supplies of anti-rabies vaccine for human victims of dog bites is out of stock in the Badung regency of South Bali. [...]
Signs of airborne H5N2 found
May 8, 2015. Evidence of the H5N2 avian influenza virus has been found in air samples collected in and near infected Minnesota poultry barns, a researcher said today, supporting the suspicion that the virus may go airborne for short distances.[...]
Workshop on Surveillance and Control of Rabies
EVOCA PhD applications
CHRO 2015 Call for abstracts
CHRO 2015, the 18th International Conference on Campylobacter, Helicobacte and related organisms to be conducted at Rotorua from November 1-5, 2015 invites abstracts and the closing date is 30th April 2015. [...]
Third International Congress on Pathogens at the Human-Animal Interface (ICOPHAI) - Call for abstracts
Abstracts are invited for the Congress and the deadline is April 15, 2015. [...]
EPIZONE - 9th annual meeting
The 9th Annual meeting EPIZONE will be combined with the Xth International Conference of ESVV 2015, "Changing viruses in a Changing world", 31 August - 3 September 2015. [...]
Nor-Feed Sud launches the "Nor-Feed Veterinary Award"
Nor-Feed Sud, a French company specialized in the production of plants-based natural additives for animal nutrition, created the Nor-Feed Award, endowed with 5.000 Euro, and open to young scientists from around the world. [...]
International Journal of One Health - Call for papers
International Journal of One Health publishes papers focusing on One Health (Human, Animal and Environmental health). Please send pre-submission queries  Submit the manuscript online at [...]
The African Veterinary Information Portal (AfriVIP)
The African Veterinary Information Portal partners have recognised the need to share its educational knowledge and resources and research findings with veterinary and para-veterinary professionals and students and other stakeholders and to provide Continuing Professional Development (CPD) training opportunities. [...]

May 5, 2015. Health and Species Protection: Converging or diverging objectives? European Commission, Brussels [...]
May 21-22, 2015. WVA/WMA Global Conference on One Health, Madrid, Spain [...]
June 2-3, 2015. How do we deal with the threat of antimicrobial resistance? Uppsala Health Summit in Uppsala, Sweden [...]
June 7-10, 2015. Symposium on Emerging infections, Hanasaari Congress Centre, Helsinki, Finland [...]
June 30-July 2, 2015. OIE Global Conference on Biological Threat Reduction, Paris, France [...]
August 6-8, 2015. Third International Congress on Pathogens at the Human-Animal Interface (ICOPHAI): One health for Sustainable Development, Chiang Mai, Thailand[...]
August 25-27, 2015. International Conference on Parasitology, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA [...]
September 13-17, 2015. 32nd World Veterinary Congress, Istanbul, Turkey [...]
September 23-26, 2015. Central European Symposium on Antimicrobials and Antimicrobial Resistance (CESAR 2015) Šibenik, Croatia [...]
October 4-7, 2015. 58th International Meat Industry Conference Institute of Meat Hygiene and Technology - Belgrade, Serbia [...]
October 4-7, 2015. 3rd GRF One Health Summit 2015, Davos, Switzerland [...]
November 1-5, 2015. CHRO 2015 (International workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and related organisms), Rotorua, New Zealand [...]
November 2-7, 2015. ISVEE 14 Veterinary Epidemiology & Economics: Planning our future, Yucatan, Mexico [...]

1. FAO: AGA e newsletter. To receive regular updates by email on all issues relating FAO`s work on animal production and health, subscribe to the AGA e-newsletter. It contains information on upcoming events, publications, programme activities, articles and press releases [Click here to subscribe]
2. FAOAIDEnews 84 [...]
3. FAO: EMPRES 360 Animal Health No. 45 [...]
4. FAO: EMPRES Watch Vol 32 - April 2015: H5N1 HPAI spread in Nigeria and increased risk for neighbouring countries in West Africa [...]
5. FAO: ECTAD-RAP News May-Jun 2013 [...]
6. FAO Animal Production and Health Division e-newsletter 110 [...]
7. FAO Animal Production and Health Report No. 8 Poultry Sector Nepal [...]
8. FAO Animal Production and Health Manual 17 [...]
9. FAO focus on burden of brucellosis in endemic countries [...]
10. FAO Statistical Yearbook 2013 [...]
11. FAO ECTAD Vietnam Newsletter Mar-Aug 2014 [...]
12. FAO ECTAD China Highlights Vol 71 November 2014 [...]
13. FAO: Addressing avian influenza A (H7N9) Qualitative risk assessment update Issue no. 2 [...]
14. FAO: Addressing Zaire Ebola virus (EBV) outbreaks - Rapid qualitative exposure and release assessment [...]
A New Normal For Antibiotics in Livestock Production [...]
Controlling the Last Known Cluster of Ebola Virus Disease-Liberia, January-February 2015 [...]
Dose-Response Relationship between Antimicrobial Drugs and Livestock-Associated MRSA in Pig Farming [...]
Development of Disease-specific, Context-specific Surveillance Models: Avian Influenza (H5N1)-Related Risks and Behaviours in African Countries [...]
Ebola Risk Perception in Germany, 2014 [...]
European Rabbits as Reservoir for Coxiella burnetii [...]
Genetic diversity and evolutionary dynamics of Ebola virus in Sierra Leone [...]
Induction of Influenza (H5N8) Antibodies by Modified Vaccinia Virus Ankara H5N1 Vaccine [...]
Lack of Protection Against Ebola Virus from Chloroquine in Mice and Hamsters [...]
Mycobacterium bovis in Panama, 2013 [...]
OIE Bulletin 2015: Food Safety [...]
Pathogenicity of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus H5N1 in Naturally Infected Poultry in Egypt [...]
Preliminary Incidence and Trends of Infection with Pathogens Transmitted Commonly Through Food - Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network, 10 U.S. Sites, 2006-2014 [...]
Rapid Risk Assessment: Outbreak of Ebola Virus disease in West Africa - 11th update[...]
UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER) External Situation Report 15 May 2015 [...]
Susceptibility to and transmission of H5N1 and H7N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in bank voles (Myodes glareolus) [...]
WHO/FAO/OIE/US-CDC/US-NAMRU-3/UNICEF: Joint high-level mission on the current H5N1 situation in Egypt, 8-12 March 2015 [...]
WHO: Ebola Situation Reports - May 18, 2015 [...]

Ebola in Context: Understanding Transmission, Response and Control
This two-week free course looks at the science behind the Ebola outbreak, to understand why it has occurred on this scale and how it can be controlled. [...]
E-learning course on bioinformatics in animal viral pathogens [...]
The Vicious Worm: a cysticercosis advocacy information tool [...]
Columbia Regional Learning Center Online Courses
PREP 1101 Fundamentals of Emergency Preparedness [...]
EPI 2408 Surveillance and Forecasting of Emerging Infectious Diseases [...]
PREP 2103 The Home Health Care Workforce: Essential Community Partners in Preventing Transmission of Viral Respiratory Illness: Seasonal Influenza and Pandemic Influenza [...]
E-Learning Course on Avian Influenza The FLUTRAIN team has developed this e-learning course to support veterinary administrations in training newly recruited staff involved in avian influenza prevention, diagnosis and control activities. [...]
AgreenSkills` Post-doctoral Research Fellowships
AgreenSkills and AgreenSkills+ are European Union co-funded fellowship programmes, accepting applications for postdoctoral fellowships from experienced young and independent postdoctoral researchers, in the fields of life, agricultural, nutrition, and environmental sciences. [...]
Training at CIRAD, France
CIRAD, France has announced training programs inlivestock and veterinary medicine in hot climate, specifically on animal health,  epidemiology, and animal production [...]
EpiVille, the E-learning in Epidemiology
Epiville, a learning tool developed specifically for Principles of Epidemiology (P6400), is a set of interactive web-based exercises created by faculty in the Department of Epidemiology and produced by the Center for New Media Teaching and Learning at Columbia University [...]
Cambridge online e-learning institute
Online Certificate in Animal Welfare [...]

FAO: Project Co-ordinator (Food Safety Projects), Dhaka, Bangladesh; closing date: 20 May 2015 [...]
ILRI: Regional Representative, South Asia, Delhi, India (open until filled) [...]
ECDC: Field epidemiologists to join activities in Guinea [...]
OIE: Project Officer for the Sub-Regional Representation for South East Asia, closing date 21 May, 2015 [...]
OIE: Chargé de mission for Veterinary Medicinal Products - OIE Scientific and Technical Department; closing date 8 June 2015 [...]
Biodiversity International: Bioversity Initiative Manager, closing date 30 May, 2015[...]

quarta-feira, 20 de maio de 2015

CDC reports decrease in key foodborne pathogens

Data released by the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention in the US show progress was made in reducing some foodborne infections in 2014.
CDC reports decrease in key foodborne pathogens
Photo: Bert Jansen
The CDC's FoodNet data showed significant declines in Shiga-toxin producing E. coli O157 and Salmonella Typhimurium. However, some other less common types of Salmonella increased. Campylobacter and Vibrio rose again in 2014, continuing the increase observed during the past few years, the data showed.

'Efforts to reduce foodborne illnesses are working'

"The CDC data is another strong indication that industry and government efforts are working to reduce foodborne illnesses from major pathogens of concern which is consistent with major declines in pathogen rates we've seen on meat and poultry products in recent years," said Betsy Booren, NAMI vice president of scientific affairs. "We're committed to working with the government to continue these improvements and seek out ways to lower foodborne illnesses across all foods."

80% reduction in Listeria monocytogenes in ready-eat-meat products

Recent reductions in pathogen rates on meat and poultry products include a 93% reduction of E. coli O157:H7 in ground beef since 2000, significant reductions in Salmonella across a majority of meat and poultry products and a greater than 80% reduction in Listeria monocytogenes in ready-eat-meat products. In fact, there has not been a federal recall related to listeriosis associated with meat and poultry products in more than a decade.

Nine million dollars in food safety research projects

The NAMI Foundation has been one of the leaders in funding research to reduce foodborne illnesses in the meat and poultry industry. The Foundation's Food Safety Initiative goal is to reduce and ultimately eradicate Listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat meat and poultry products, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli in fresh beef, and Salmonella in meat and poultry products. Since the Initiative was launched in 1999, the NAMI Foundation has funded nearly nine million dollars in food safety research projects aimed at identifying practical food safety strategies.

"The efforts of industry and government together have yielded real and measurable benefits for America's public health," Dr Booren said. "We can continue to improve with further research into the relationships between pathogen reductions and foodborne illness rates to determine the true risks from foods."
by PIG PROGRESS|pigprogress|2015-05-20|CDC_reports_decrease_in_key_foodborne_pathogens

Brasil bate recorde de participação no comércio global agropecuário

Postado em 20/05/2015
O Brasil alcançou uma participação recorde de 7,6% no comércio mundial de produtos agropecuários em 2013, conforme destaca a edição do ano passado do livro “Intercâmbio Comercial do Agronegócio”, publicado na semana passada pela Secretaria de Relações Internacionais do Ministério da Agricultura. No total, esse comércio movimentou US$ 1,14 trilhão em 2013.
Em comunicado, o ministério destaca que entre 2004 e 2013 o comércio de produtos do setor aumentou 134,8%, enquanto as exportações brasileiras cresceram 205,5%.
Fonte: Valor Econômico, adaptada pela Equipe BeefPoint

Fronteira do Paraná tem a menor defesa contra febre aftosa

O controle da febre aftosa vai muito bem em várias regiões do país, entre elas Mato Grosso, Estado que tem o maior rebanho nacional. Em outras, principalmente em regiões de fronteira internacional, a situação parece não ir tão bem. É o que aponta o relatório de monitoramento sorológico do Ministério da Agricultura para avaliação da eficiência da vacinação -realizada em 2014- contra a febre aftosa na zona livre da doença, mas com vacinação.
O Departamento de Saúde Animal do ministério, com os serviços veterinários estaduais, fez estudos para avaliação da circulação viral e da eficiência da vacinação. O resultado do estudo da circulação viral será divulgado no segundo semestre.
O levantamento ocorreu em 828 propriedades, com uma amostragem de 4.270 animais. As amostras incluíram 204 propriedades de fronteira e 624 em regiões de não fronteira. A cobertura imunitária do rebanho localizado nos Estados que integram a zona livre de febre aftosa com vacinação variaram de 56,3% a 97,8%.
O menor percentual ocorreu em uma área de fronteira do Paraná e se deve à proteção contra o vírus C. Já a maior taxa de proteção está em Mato Grosso.
O estudo considerou 22 subpopulações de bovinos, divididas em três grupos. O grupo 1, classificado como excelente nível de imunidade do rebanho, incluiu subpopulações com taxa de imunidade de 90% ou mais. Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Pará, Rondônia, Tocantins e Paraná (região de não fronteira) estiveram nessa lista. Este último Estado pretende se tornar uma região livre de aftosa, sem vacinação.
No grupo 2, que considerou taxa de 80% a 89% -satisfatória para proteção contra pelo menos dois tipos de vírus-, estão Acre, Bahia, Distrito Federal, Goiás, Rio Grande do Sul (região de fronteira) e Sergipe.
Já no grupo 3, com taxas de proteção inferiores a 80% para pelo menos dois tipos de vírus e, portanto, considerado um nível inadequado de imunidade do rebanho, estiveram Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraná (região de fronteira), Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul (região de não fronteira) e São Paulo. No caso paulista, as taxas para os três tipos de vírus (O, A e C) ficaram próximas de 80%, de acordo com informações do Departamento de Saúde Animal.
A ministra da Agricultura, Kátia Abreu, afirma que sua pasta vai atuar com rigor nas áreas em que não for atingido nível satisfatório de imunidade.
Fonte: Folha de São Paulo, resumida e adaptada pela Equipe BeefPoint.