Leishmaniose visceral – revisão de literatura
Brandão TGE, Montanha FP
Revista Científica Eletrônica de Medicina Veterinária 2011; 9 (16)
Protozoa of the genus Leishmania are the causal agents of visceral leishmaniasis. Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi is the species found in Brazil. The disease affects humans and other animal species, but mainly dogs. The transmission between vertebrate hosts occurs through the bite of a phlebotomine. Clinical diagnosis of canine visceral leishmaniasis is difficult due to the variety of clinical manifestation that the disease may present. The clinical signs are not pathognomonic, bearing similarities to other infectious illnesses. Diagnosis confirmation is usually based on molecular, serological and parasitogical methods, once the limitations of each method are known. The current review attempts to approach the etiopathogenesis, the symptoms and the different diagnostic methods of the disease.
Text in Portuguese