Animal Care GuidelinesDairy Welfare Evaluation Guide
Beef Care Practices
Dairy Cattle Topics
"The practice of tail docking of dairy cows appears to have originated in New Zealand and by the 1990s was a common procedure in that country. A variety of benefits have been attributed to tail docking, including improved comfort for milking personnel and enhanced udder and milk hygiene. Although the practice has been increasing in US dairy herds, its reported benefits have been questioned by researchers who raise concerns related to animal welfare and efficacy. In a survey conducted in New Zealand, tail docking was viewed as a welfare concern by 60% of the general public and, interestingly, 53% of nondairy farmers. It is likely that US consumers will have similar concerns. In the United States, the issue ultimately may be resolved through trade negotiations or legislation. Veterinarians will need to address these issues in their practices and when developing position statements for various professional associations. It is likely that veterinarians will be key advisors in deliberations within the dairy industry and a credible source of information for consumers.""Our working hypothesis for this review was that there is no benefit to tail docking of dairy cattle. Lay publications were evaluated to determine the alleged purpose and management factors associated with the practice of tail docking in the dairy industry. Computer-assisted databases (MEDLINE, BIOSIS, and AGRICOLA) were used to identify the peer-reviewed scientific literature available. Governmental and regulatory reports from a variety of countries also were collected and reviewed."The complete article is available on the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Web site.
"A major animal welfare issue facing the livestock industry is the care, handling, and transport of nonambulatory cattle. Consumers, researchers, practitioners, and animal protection organizations have questioned the quality of care provided to and management of nonambulatory cattle and raised questions about possible food safety concerns. Veterinarians and producers continue to be challenged with providing quality care for nonambulatory cattle. In addition, veterinarians are recognized as a credible source of information for consumers, regulators, and policy makers. Thus, it would be beneficial to provide peer-reviewed information to practitioners and others who must make clinical and policy decisions.""Several sources were searched by use of various key words to identify relevant peer-reviewed citations for the information reported here. In addition, governmental and lay reports were reviewed to ascertain policies, regulations, and historical data concerning nonambulatory cattle. Existing peer-reviewed information was considered adequate by the authors for the development of recommended on-farm management practices that could result in a decrease in the incidence of, an improvement in the prognosis for, and a benefit to the well-being of nonambulatory cattle."The complete article is available on the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Web site.
Cull CowsDairy Beef: Maximizing Quality and Profits
—UC Cooperative Extension has developed an on-line teaching tool with videos and slide sets specifically addressing market dairy "cull" cows
The UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine has developed a set of guidelines to help ensure that horses maintained within equine sanctuaries and rescue farms receive adequate and proper care. The guidelines address all issues related to sanctuary management and operations. They provide information on proper facility design construction and maintenance, suggestions for management and financial organization and instructions on the proper husbandry practices and health care necessary to ensure the successful operations of all types of sanctuary and rescue faciltiies. An evaluation checklist, based upon the content of the guidelines, is provided within the appendix to assist individuals who may be called upon to evaluate the quality of any such facility.
Rehabilitation of the Starved Horse