sexta-feira, 1 de fevereiro de 2013
Susceptibilidade a Leishmaniose Visceral: novos alelos identificados
Os consórcios LeishGEN e Wellcome Trust Case Control publicaram um trabalho na Nature Genetics no qual identificam alelos de HLA classe II associados com o desenvolvimento de Leishmaniose Visceral. O trabalho foi realizado em famílias na Índia e no Brasil.
To identify susceptibility loci for visceral leishmaniasis, we undertook genome-wide association studies in two populations: 989 cases and 1,089 controls from India and 357 cases in 308 Brazilian families (1,970 individuals). The HLA-DRB1–HLA-DQA1 locus was the only region to show strong evidence of association in both populations. Replication at this region was undertaken in a second Indian population comprising 941 cases and 990 controls, and combined analysis across the three cohorts for rs9271858 at this locus showed Pcombined = 2.76 × 10−17 and odds ratio (OR) = 1.41, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.30–1.52. A conditional analysis provided evidence for multiple associations within the HLA-DRB1–HLA-DQA1region, and a model in which risk differed between three groups of haplotypes better explained the signal and was significant in the Indian discovery and replication cohorts. In conclusion, the HLA-DRB1–HLA-DQA1HLA class II region contributes to visceral leishmaniasis susceptibility in India and Brazil, suggesting shared genetic risk factors for visceral leishmaniasis that cross the epidemiological divides of geography and parasite species.
LeishGEN Consortium, Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium 2, Fakiola M, Strange A, Cordell HJ, Miller EN, Pirinen M, Su Z, Mishra A, Mehrotra S, Monteiro GR, Band G, Bellenguez C, Dronov S, Edkins S, Freeman C, Giannoulatou E, Gray E, Hunt SE, Lacerda HG, Langford C, Pearson R, Pontes NN, Rai M, Singh SP, Smith L, Sousa O, Vukcevic D, Bramon E, Brown MA, Casas JP, Corvin A, Duncanson A, Jankowski J, Markus HS, Mathew CG, Palmer CN, Plomin R, Rautanen A, Sawcer SJ, Trembath RC, Viswanathan AC, Wood NW, Wilson ME, Deloukas P, Peltonen L, Christiansen F, Witt C, Jeronimo SM, Sundar S, Spencer CC, Blackwell JM, & Donnelly P (2013). Common variants in the HLA-DRB1-HLA-DQA1 HLA class II region are associated with susceptibility to visceral leishmaniasis. Nature genetics PMID: 23291585