Neste Blog fazemos:
1- Atualização sobre a ocorrência de doenças de importância em Veterinária e em Saúde Pública em todo o mundo.
2- Troca de informações sobre:
Defesa Sanitária Animal (Legislação e Programas Sanitários do Ministério da Agricultura) e
demais assuntos relacionados à sanidade e Saúde Pública.
Este blog se destina a discutir a saúde animal dentro dos seus mais variados aspectos.
Originally published in J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2005 Sep 15;227(6):904-15.
• One of the oldest recognized bioterror agents
• Abortion is most common sign in livestock
• Typically transmitted via reproductive tissues, milk Slaughter of infected animals key to control
Originally published in J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2009 May 1;234(9):1130-9.
• Highly contagious disease of horses, mules
• Respiratory, cutaneous, lymphatic nodules seen
• Has been used historically as bioterrorism agent Caution: Treating animals may create carrier state
Originally published in J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2002 Jul 1;221(1):40-3.
Other pathogens with human health consequences
• Greatest risk: Dogs familiar to victim, home setting
• Hand wounds most prone to complications
• Animals with prior biting history more likely to bite Be aware of potential for occult trauma
Originally published in J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2003 Nov 1;223(9):1261-70.
Human campylobacteriosis: a challenge for the veterinary profession
• Campylobacter spp causes of foodborne illness
• Poultry, unpasteurized milk sources of infection
• 5% of infections related to contact with dogs, cats Fluoroquinolone resistance a challenge
Susan Sanchez, Margie D. Lee, Barry G. Harmon, John J. Maurer, Michael P. Doyle
Originally published in J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2002 Oct 15;221(8):1122-6.
• Rodents are most important maintenance hosts
• Water contaminated with urine a common source
• Cases in dogs have increased in US, Canada Use gloves, goggles to prevent in-clinic exposure
Originally published in J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2009 Feb 15;234(4):472-8.
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies
• Prions: Abnormal isoforms of a cellular protein
• Cause of progressive, fatal neurodegeneration
• TSEs identified in various animals, humans BSE, vCJD show species barrier can be breached
James J. Sejvar, Lawrence B. Schonberger, Ermias D. Belay
Originally published in J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2008 Dec 1;233(11):1705-12.
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
• Slow-onset, fatal encephalopathy of cattle
• Transmitted via ingestion of infected CNS tissue
• Mean incubation period in cattle is 4.5 to 5.5 years Currently no test available for BSE in living animals
Originally published in J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2002 Nov 15;221(10):1413-7.
Animal sources of salmonellosis in humans
• Salmonella spp causes of foodborne illness
• Poultry, meat, eggs are most common sources
• Inapparent carrier state in animals a concern Prevention of reintroduction is key control strategy
Susan Sanchez, Charles L. Hofacre, Margie D. Lee, John J. Maurer, Michael P. Doyle
Originally published in J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2002 Aug 15;221(4):492-7.
• Screwworms a threat to US livestock industry
• Eradicated in 1966, but reintroduction a concern
• Persons, animals at risk if visit endemic countries Be alert to wounds, myiasis in animals from Iraq
Originally published in J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2003 Oct 15;223(8):1123-6.
• Mycobacterium bovis can cause human infection
• M bovis spreads from wild to domestic animals
• Principal sign: emaciation despite good nutrition Tuberculin skin test a practical diagnostic method
Originally published in J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004 Mar 1;224(5):685-91.
West Nile virus
West Nile virus
• Top cause of human arboviral encephalitis in US
• Virus transmitted from wild birds to mosquitoes
• Horses, humans highly susceptible to disease Potential zoonotic risk via fecal, oral shedding